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Plastic Surgery


Introduction

Fighting the effects of aging on the outside; your guide to the risks of cosmetic surgical and non-surgical procedures.

 

Trying to fight the effects of aging? Below is a basic guide to the risks involved in both surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures. For more information on each procedure, click on the highlighted links of the procedure.

Cosmetic Procedures: Surgical

Breast Augmentation: Breasts are enlarged by placing an implant behind each breast.

Risks:

  • implants can rupture, leak, and deflate
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  • infection
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  • hardening of scar tissue around implant, causing breast firmness, pain, distorted shape, or implant movement
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  • bleeding
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  • pain
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  • nipples may get more or less sensitive
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  • numbness near incision blood collection around implant/incision
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  • calcium deposits around implant
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  • harder to find breast lumps and to see breast changes on a mammogram
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  • in rare instances, implants can cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) - a rare cancer of the immune system

Breast Lift - Extra skin is removed from the breast to raise and reshape breast.

Risks:

  • scarring
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  • skin loss
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  • infection loss of feeling in nipples or breast
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  • nipples put in the wrong place
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  • breasts not symmetrical

Breast Reduction - Fat, tissue, and skin is removed from breast.

Risks:

  • if nipples and areola are detached, may lose sensation and decreased ability to breastfeed
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  • bleeding
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  • infection
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  • scarring
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  • harder to find breast lumps
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  • poor shape, size, or position of nipples or breasts

Eyelid Surgery: Extra fat, skin, and muscle in the upper and/or lower eyelid is removed to correct "droopy" eyelids.

Risks:

  • blurred or double vision
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  • infection
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  • bleeding under the skin
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  • swelling
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  • dry eyes
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  • whiteheads
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  • can't close eye completely
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  • pulling of lower lids
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  • blindness

Facelift: Extra fat is removed, muscles are tightened, and skin is rewrapped around the face and neck to improve sagging facial skin, jowls, and loose neck skin.

Risks:

  • infection
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  • bleeding under skin
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  • scarring
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  • irregular earlobes
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  • nerve damage causing numbness or inability to move your face
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  • hair loss
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  • skin damage

Facial Implant: infection feeling of tightness or scarring around implant shifting of implant

Risks:

  • infection
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  • feeling of tightness or scarring around implant
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  • shifting of implant

Forehead Lift: Extra skin and muscles that cause wrinkles are removed, eyebrows are lifted, and forehead skin is tightened.

Risks:

  • infection
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  • scarring
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  • bleeding under skin
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  • eye dryness or irritation
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  • impaired eyelid function
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  • loss of feeling in eyelid skin
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  • injury to facial nerve causing loss of motion or muscle weakness

Lip Augmentation: Material is injected or implanted into the lips to create fuller lips and reduce wrinkles around the mouth.

Risks:

  • infection
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  • bleeding
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  • lip asymmetry
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  • lumping
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  • scarring

Liposuction: Excess fat from a targeted area is removed with a vacuum to shape the body.

Risks:

  • baggy skin
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  • skin may change color and fall off
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  • fluid retention
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  • toxic shock
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  • infection that requires antibiotics or additional surgery
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  • burning
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  • fat clots in the lungs
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  • pain
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  • damage to organs if punctured
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  • numbness at the surgery site
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  • heart problems
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  • kidney problems
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  • disability
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  • death

Nose Surgery: Nose is reshaped by resculpting the bone and cartilage in the nose.

Risks:

  • infection
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  • bursting blood vessels
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  • red spots
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  • bleeding under the skin
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  • scarring

Tummy Tuck: Extra fat and skin in the abdomen is removed, and muscles are tightened to flatten tummy.

Risks:

  • blood clots
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  • infection
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  • bleeding
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  • scarring
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  • fluid accumulation under the skin

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